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Memory: Introduction. PPT

Cognitive Perspective framework : PPT.

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Essential: Crane’s IB Site

Essential: Glassman Text

Cognitive Demonstrations

A primer on language acquisition


This simple formula: The magic number 7 plus or minus 2 ushered in a whole new era for psychology. Psychologists began looking inside the black box. Led by the need to create a theory for artificial intellect and to more fundamentally understand things such as memory, language acquisition and motivation, cognitive psychology has emerged as one of the most important areas of research.

Key Theorists
 Elizabeth Loftus
 George Miller 
 Leon Festinger
 Jean Piaget
 Noam Chomsky
 Hermann Ebbinghaus

Key concepts
 False memory 1
 False Memory 2
 Language acquisition
 Heuristics and problem solving
 cognitive dissonance
 information processing model
    "And finally, what about the magical number seven? What about the seven wonders of the world, the seven seas, the seven deadly sins, the seven daughters of Atlas in the Pleiades, the seven ages of man, the seven levels of hell, the seven primary colors, the seven notes of the musical scale, and the seven days of the week? What about the seven-point rating scale, the seven categories for absolute judgment, the seven objects in the span of attention, and the seven digits in the span of immediate memory? For the present I propose to withhold judgment. Perhaps there is something deep and profound behind all these sevens, something just calling out for us to discover it. But I suspect that it is only a pernicious, Pythagorean coincidence."
    George Miller
From the IB
Cognitive psychology is concerned with how people acquire, store, transform, use and communicate information. Cognitive psychologists rejected the behaviorist assumption that mental events or states were unsuitable for scientific research.
In this unit students will examine the model-based approach often employed by the cognitive perspective. Issues of ecological and construct validity will be explored with regard to the methods employed by the perspective. Memory is the topic which we will study in depth.
Objectives of the Unit:
  1. Describe and evaluate the cultural context and development, the conceptual framework, the methodology, and the application of the cognitive perspective.
  2. Describe and evaluate theories and empirical studies within this perspective.
  3. Explain how cultural, ethical, gender, and methodological considerations affect the interpretation of behavior from a cognitive perspective.
  4. Compare theories, empirical studies and the conceptual framework of this model with the other perspectives.
  5. Identify and explain the strengths and limitations of cognitive explanations of behavior
  6. Explain the extent to which free will and determinism are integral in this perspective.
  7. Assess the extent to which concepts and models of information processing have helped the understanding of cognition.
  8. Assess claims that this perspective lacks ecological validity, and be able to consider alternative research methods.
A little humor
Cognitive Perspective